Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Shostakovich: 24 Preludes & Fugues, Op. 87 – Vladimir Ashkenazy on AllMusic – Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Shostakovich: 24 Preludes and Fugues, Op. 87 – Keith Jarrett on AllMusic – – Dmitri. One of Shostakovich’s greatest and most powerful works of the late Stalinist period is his huge cycle of twenty-four preludes and fugues for piano. He began.
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Of these three, Leipzig was undoubtedly the musical capital of the whole of Germany, the city of Mendelssohn, Schumann and Richard Wagner, the home of the Conservatory and the Gewandhaus. Most importantly of course, it housed the church of St Thomas, the Thomaskirche, dating from the late fifteenth century, which had survived the wartime Allied bombardment.
The Church was to be the focal point of the celebrations held in the City during July to mark the th anniversary of the death there of Johann Sebastian Bach, who had—since —been cantor of the City shostaakovich Leipzig.
Shostakovich: 24 Preludes & Fugues, Op. 87
Bach, as was the custom of the time, had been buried in a wooden coffin. Russia had suffered greatly at shostakovlch hands of the German Army; pgeludes Russian resistance bore fruit as the Red Army pursued the retreating invaders back across the borders into the heart and very capital of Germany. As they liberated Eastern Europe they exacted a fierce and total retribution: And so Dmitri Shostakovich found himself sent in to New York as delegate of the World Peace Conference, and in to Warsaw as part of the Soviet Committee for the second World Peace Conference, before going to Leipzig in July as the principal Soviet delegate to the Bach commemorations—as a member of the jury shostakovicch the Bicentennial Bach Competition.
One of the entrants for the Competition was the twenty-six-year-old Russian pianist and composer Tatiana Nikolayeva, a recent graduate from the Moscow Conservatoire and a piano pupil of the legendary Alexander Goldenweiser then seventy-five years old; he was to be a Professor of piano there for fifty-five years, numbering Kabalevsky and Lazar Berman amongst his pupils.
Nikolayeva studied composition with Evgeny Golubev, whose pupils also include Alfred Schnittke, and she has since written two Piano Concertos, a Sonata and much other music for solo piano, as well as vocal works. Inshe recalled the circumstances of the Bach Competition: Back in Moscow he conceived the idea of writing a set of 24 Preludes and Fugues one in each of the major and minor keys for solo piano. This would be a very different composition from those which earned him a State Prize in For the early s were also a period of great uncertainty for Soviet composers.
The notorious Zhdanov Decree of had humiliated Prokofiev, Miaskovsky, Khachaturian and Kabalevsky—among others—and especially Shostakovich: Figues artistic uncertainty at home, and greater uncertainties abroad, what could have been more natural for Shostakovich than to concentrate his creative energies on a major work which he could compose and perform in his own study, free from outside interference? The artistic challenge such an undertaking posed would stretch his own compositional powers to the limit, concentrate upon timeless truths of European music, anc be the catalyst by which his future could—in certain technical aspects, at the very least—greatly snd.
On 10 Octobershortly after his forty-fourth birthday, Shostakovich began what became his Opus 87 originally, he designated it Opus The set was finished on 25 February Also, as with the Opus 34 Preludes, the Preludes and Fugues were composed in the order in which they are published. But Shostakovich paid subtle homage to the earlier master: However, throughout this music we are in no doubt as to the creative personality of the artist addressing us: After consultation with the composer, and with his approval, Tatiana Nikolayeva makes a few minor adjustments to the printed text.
These include such adaptations as the occasional ad libitum repetition of pedal bass notes as in the Prelude of No 20, the delayed final fifth of Fugue No 4, and the octave bass transposition at the end of Fugue No Enelle fit allusion aux circonstances se rapportant au Concours Bach de Die Produktion der Wasserstoffbombe war eine Reaktion auf die Detonation der ersten russischen Atombombe im September Die Feierlichkeiten von standen somit auch im Zeichen des Jahrestages der letzten Zurruhelegung Bachs.
Mit der Befreiung Osteuropas forderte sie eine erbarmungslose und totale Vergeltung: Und so war es. Diese sollten einen grossen Unterschied zu den Kompositionen bieten, die ihm den Staatspreis eingebracht hatten: Die Sammlung wurde am 25sten Februar fertiggestellt.
I was awarded the first prize.
As time passes, I feel more and more that I received then another, not so concrete but no less important, prize: On his return home to Moscow from Leipzig, Shostakovich immediately began to compose his Preludes and Fugues. At his request I telephoned him every day and he asked me to come to him to listen to him play the piece he had just written.
The Preludes and Fugues is a work of great depth, of unsurpassed mastery and greatness.
They are 24 masterpieces, each with its own internal world. They are a new word in polyphony. At a performance of the whole cycle it is possible to shostakovifh its vast overall concept.
The breadth of images and characterisations is very great: Performing the Preludes and Fugues for many, many years the premiere was in Leningrad in DecemberI have happily not lost the freshness of feeling. Each performance of this work is for me a festival, a great occasion. And it always seems to me that present in the hall, as in the past, is their most demanding composer—the great Dmitri Shostakovich! Je remportai le premier prix. On peut, et on doit, les comparer au cycle de Bach.
Ils ouvrent un nouveau chapitre en polyphonie. Er war Ehrenmitglied der Jury des Klavierwettbewerbs, an dem ich selbst teilnahm. Seiner Bitte entsprechend rief ich ihn jeden Tag an.
Shostakovich: Preludes & Fugues |
Sie schaffen einen neuen Begriff von Polyphonie. Die Bandbreite der Bilder und Charakterisierungen ist ungeheuer: Mit jedem Tag entfernen wir uns weiter von Schostakowitschs Lebenszeit, deren direkte Zeugen wir gewesen sind. Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin.
Fugeus show me this message again. February Total duration: Germany had been divided into four Zones of Occupation, each assigned to the four main victorious powers: Backed by the Soviet Union—which controlled the largest area of defeated Germany but with the second-largest population —a blockade of Berlin began on 1 April and lasted until 30 September April begann und bis zum