Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.
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In an Islamic state, the ministers must be Muslims. Select Translation Selections include: Allah has given as trust the control of his creatures to various governments so that the administration of the world might be properly carried on. There was no idea of absolute caliphate.
Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia
The institution of Caliphate represents the mission of Hazrat Muhammad P. Al-Mawardi holds that there is complete consensus on this point in the Muslim community. His supervision is must for the cause of justice. Al-Mawardi says that Wazarat is of two kinds: Skip to main content.
It is of three kinds: Brockleman”al-Mawardi” in the Encyclopedia of Islam 2vol. He must be free and adult. A was elected Caliph, he said in his policy speech: Al-Mawardi discusses the details of other losses too, but they are not pertinent to our purpose here. In the first case some scholars say the Imam must be elected by all the members of the Electoral College in all the cities.
If there is no state care, it may endanger honor of the state, imam and his government. Al-Mawardi has explained powers and functions of the muhtasib and categorizes his duties into two categories: Sipahsalar commander in chief. About What’s New Log in. He is then to represent ignorance.
In spite of the untenable position in which al-Mawardi had to work, one cannot fail to admire his effort to work out a political system essentially based on the fundamental thought and early political practice of Islam. Luciani, Alger, ; E. He says sultan is in need of assistance and advices in state administration.
It was this theory of nomination that cut at the very root of democratic ideals in Islamic polity.
The Quran is very clear and definite about all fundamental problems for instance, about the articles of faith, the forms of religious worship, laws of matrimony and inheritance, distribution of booty of war, prohibition of interest, rights and obligations of husband and wife etc.
There is complete consensus on this point in the Muslim community. A closer examination of his work, however, discloses that he is not a mere recorder of facts handed down to him but a shrewd statesman and diplomat.
The first chapter of his book, kitaab Al-Ahkam Al Sultania is to tell us about the sovereign of Imam. Further, it promises the inheritance or possession and governance of the earth to those only who follow in the footsteps of the Prophet P.
A person who as no knowledge of Islam and who has no command in fiqa, is not true and effective imam. The difference between the Wazir and the Imam himself is that the Wazir of Delegation is not empowered to appoint anyone as his successor and the Imam, the highest authority; can dismiss the officers appointed by him. This testimony of ibn Qutaibah is most unequivocal and decisive. Important branches of government are: But al-Mawardi insists in his view to rule out the Fatimids and the Mawwardi of Spain.
One of the earliest and most reliable authorities on that period, ibn Qutaibah, reports in his al-Imamah w-al-Siyasah that when symptoms of death approached Abu Bakr, he became very anxious as to who should succeed him to the Caliphal authority. So when the rulers broke this covenant, and violated the principle of representation and threw overboard the interest of the people, the people thought it as their inherent right to repeal such rulers and grab political power from them.
His greatest merit, therefore, lies in the fact that he abstains from abstract speculation and correlates the opinions of the jurists to the historical perspective of his age. Some of the employees in this department may be corrupt. With the passage of time Itihad was also introduced. It paved way for further research. H appointed his manumitted slave, Hazrat Zaid bin Harithah, to take his place at the head of the Muslim army and at the same time ordered that is case of his death he should be replaced by Hazrat Jafar bin Ali Talib, after him Hazrat Abdullah bin Rawahah and in case he is also killed, the mantle of command should fall on the shoulders htought whomever the soldiers might choose.
Following ar the powers of minister delegation: This explains why he devotes only one-tenth of his book to the exposition of the theory of the Caliphate and uses the rest of his work to elaborate the detailed apparatus of government which hinges on the central authority of the Caliph.
He was not only a distinguished judge but also a distinguished author. There is no precedent in Islamic history when an Imam was deposed from office by legal and proper means. There was no political bar in their way, mawarri Caliphal decree to prevent the exercise of their right of mawzrdi.