Carpetgrass (Axonopus affinis). Distribution: warm season. Habitat: low, moist areas in turfgrass and lawns. Growth Season: perennial. Descriptions: University . Axonopus affinis (Carpet Grass). This grass, known as carpet grass, has two to five ascending spiked seedheads from flattened, smooth. Common Name: carpetgrass. Species: Axonopus affinis Chase Bayer Code: AXOAF Carpetgrass is a slow-growing, medium-green (and sometimes greenish .
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When sown with dallis grass Paspalum dilatatum or Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon in low fertility axlnopusAxonopus fissifolius may gradually become invasive FAO, Effect of molasses-urea supplements on digestibility of mature carpet grass Axonopus affinis and liveweight change of beef steers.
Defoliation by cutting or heavy grazing prevents flowering and the subsequent decrease in its nutritive value FAO, ; Cook et al. In natural rangelands, carpet grass is readily propagated by grazing ruminants because axonopjs the high viability of its seeds after passing through the rumen and total digestive tract Simao Neto et al.
Carpet grass is mainly found in permanent pastures where it can be heavily grazed by livestock or frequently cut. Hawaii at Manoa, Coop. The stems root at the nodes FAO, ; Cook et al.
Once established, carpet grass smothers out weeds with its dense sward growth habit, making it a good tool for reduced, or no chemical weed control Smith et al. Carpet grass is considered a low quality forage Campbell et al. Carpet grass is not suitable for hay and silage or for stand-over or deferred feeding because of its low productivity and poor nutritional value after the stems have flowered FAO, ; Cook et al.
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. It forms dense mats that are cm high but the flowering culms may reach cm.
Better pastures for the tropics and subtropics. It can be sown with other grasses Axonopus compressusPaspalum dilatatumCynodon dactylonand Setaria sphacelata or legumes Aeschynomene falcataAeschynomene villosaArachis glabrataArachis pintoiLotus uliginosusTrifolium repensTrifolium semipilosumVigna parkeri FAO, ; Cook et al.
Horses are reported to eat the clumps of seed-heads that are unpalatable to ruminants FAO, ; Cook et al. Tropical pasture and fodder plants. Ecology of subtropical grasses in temperate pastures: Supplementation to reduce lactational anoestrus in first-calf heifers grazing native pastures in the subtropics.
Weed control and weed potential Once established, carpet grass smothers out weeds with its dense sward growth habit, making it a good tool for reduced, or no chemical weed control Smith et al. Effect of supplementation on liveweight of steers and digestibilty of diet.
Carpet grass Axonopus fissifoliushay. Recovery of pasture seed ingested by ruminants. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes.
Axonopus fissifolius – Wikipedia
It generally grows in low, flat or hilly humid and sub-humid areas of warm temperate or tropical woodland and savannahs FAO, ; Cook et al. Seed of six tropical pasture species fed to cattle, sheep and goats. Plant and animal families Affiniz and animal species. Carpet grass Axonopus fissifolius. The effect of storage in cattle dung on viability of tropical pasture seeds.
Carpetgrass (Axonopus affinis)
Blanket grass Axonopus compressus. Carpet grass Axonopus fissifoliusaerial part, fresh Carpet grass Axonopus fissifoliushay. Carpet grass is usually grazed rather than used in avfinis systems, due to its slow growth and poor yields. First record of the genus for Europe and taxonomic novelties.
Cover crop and soil quality improver In the USA, carpet grass is often referred to as a good cover crop and soil erosion controller for shaded sloping fields. Compositional data of feeds and concentrates. Cereal and grass forages Forage plants. It prefers moist acid sandy soils, or sandy loamy soils. When it is sown Axonopus fissifolius can be broadcast on a well-prepared seedbed and then rolled in FAO, When leafy, carpet grass is fairly palatable to ruminants but palatability declines as the stands flower FAO, Axonopus affinis Chase, Paspalum fissifolium Raddi.
In the USA, carpet grass is often referred to as a good cover crop and soil erosion controller for shaded sloping fields. Phosphorus nutrition of beef cattle. The slender inflorescences bear spike-like racemes, which are cm long.
Lim Han Kuo,