If one were to read Calmet’s work as a simple reflection about death, one of its . Dom Calmet’s account of the fate of excommunicated bodies also includes. by Dom Augustin Calmet; Abbe de Sonones; Mr. l’Abbe De Vence et al. Currently unavailable. Product Details. Treatise on Vampires & Revenants: The. Calmet, Dom Antoine Augustin () A Benedictine of the congregation of Saint-Vannes and one of the most renowned Bible scholars of his day. Calmet.
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My qualifications for this task are minimal but, I think, sufficient. First, I know a little about Calmet, which is, sadly, more than many can say. He is an unfairly overlooked figure in our religious and cultural landscape. For the time being, I am glad of the challenge, and will calmett turn this into the first of a series of short biographies of weird religious figures. Dom Calmet, born on the 26th of February,in the then-Duchy calme Bar now Lorraine, France had a long and impressive career.
Entering religious life at the Benedictine Priory of Breuil, he moved around augutin the years to obtain his education at various abbeys. His itinerary reads like an honor roll of some of the finest establishments of the Franco-German monastic intelligentsia: Yet augusttin two monasteries most closely associated with his career are Senones Saint-Pierre and Vosges, ddom he eventually died a holy death.
He achieved widespread scholarly respect for his work in three different fields. First, Calmet distinguished himself as an Exegete. His Biblical method differed from more classical forms of exegesis by focusing entirely on the literal meaning of the text; this exposed him to criticism, even amidst the general acclaim which the book and its abridgements garnered. Title page of Book I of his most famous work on Vampires.
Second, he became an eminent author of sacred and profane history.
Dom Augustin Calmet
While my own interest lies most heavily with his Histoire Universelle auguxtin, Calmet also devoted considerable attention to more specific topics. It should come as no surprise, given the libraries to which he had access, that he devoted special care to the region which bore him. However, Calmet achieved lasting fame for his extremely popular work on Vampires: These texts were, to the best of my knowledge, the first attempt to apply scientific rigor to the tales of the undead then current throughout Europe.
The books were a huge hit, and remain widely respected by occult writers today. To quote one source:.
Re-released inwith the most complete edition inthis book is considered to be [the] authoritative treatment on the subject, containing an unprecedented collection of ghostly stories of revenants. It was a best seller for the period, quickly translated into German and Italian for a broader audience.
Still, this is widely regarded as the starting point of all vampiric literature. The work garnered critical attention from no less a figure than Voltaire.
As that eminent source, Wikipediarelates, Voltaire wrote augustij Calmet with no small astonishment: It is in our 18th century that there have been vampires! It is perhaps unusual that a monk who was, by all accounts, part of the same intellectual circles as the Maurist Enlighteners and the Philosophes would take to such a strange subject.
augustij Calmet certainly saw himself as partaking of that augustun project. He writes in his preface to the Treatise. My goal is not at all to foment superstition, nor to maintain the vain curiosity of Visionaries, and of those who believe without examination all that one tells them, as soon as they find therein the marvelous and the supernatural. Perhaps we should not be so surprised. After all, the religious history of Europe is peppered with eccentric and erudite men drawn to esoteric studies.
And by the time that Dom Calmet died inthe French monastics had not yet reached the height of their oddity.
That would come later, with the well-traveled and thoroughly bizarre Swedenborgian and Martinist monk Antoine-Joseph Pernetywhom I hope to someday investigate more thoroughly. The Revolution changed all that. No longer could monks live their lives freely, let alone attempt serious academic inquiry. The monastery was dissolved by Revolutionary forces inthen augustni sold off as State Property and converted into a textile mill.
This desecration continued untilwhen what was left of the abbey became a Monument historique.
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Calmet, Dom Antoine Augustin () |
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