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Genetic analysis of the Venezuelan Criollo horse. Various horse populations in the Americas have an origin in Spain; they are remnants of the first livestock introduced to the continent early in the colonial period 16th and 17th centuries. We evaluated genetic variability within the Venezuelan Criollo horse and its relationship with other horse breeds. We observed high levels of genetic diversity within the Criollo breed. Significant population differentiation was observed between all South American breeds.
The Venezuelan Criollo horse showed high levels of genetic diversity, and from a conservation standpoint, there is no immediate danger of losing variation unless there is a large drop in population size.
Raphides with barbs and grooves in Xanthosoma sagittifolium Araceae. Raphides in petioles of Xanthosoma sagittifolium are needlelike crystals about 50 micrometers long. The rectangular cross sections have maximum dimensions of approximately by nanometers.
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The raphides have two distinct end structures. One end is narrow, acute, and tapered to a point; the other is broad, acute, and abruptly pointed. Barbs, about angstroms long with tips oriented away from the narrow end, occur along the length of the raphide on ridges on either side of two longitudinal grooves. These grooves, located opposite each other, give the raphide cross section an H-shape. La autoimagen de los hablantes del criollo limonense. Genetic analysis of Mexican Criollo cattle populations.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the genetic structure of Mexican Criollo cattle populations using microsatellite genetic markers.
Leyy samples were collected from animals from four Mexican Criollo cattle populations, geographically isolated in remote areas of Sierra Madre Occidental West Highlands. Also were included ivgente from two breeds with Iberian origin: Genetic analysis consisted of the estimation of the genetic diversity in each population by the allele number and the average expected heterozygosity found in nine microsatellite loci. Furthermore, genetic relationships among the populations were defined by their genetic distances.
Our data shows that Mexican cattle populations have a relatively high level of genetic diversity based either on the mean number of alleles The degree of observed homozygosity within the Criollo populations was remarkable and probably caused by inbreeding reduced effective population size possibly due to reproductive structure within populations.
Our data shows that considerable genetic differentiation has been occurred among the Criollo cattle populations in different regions of Mexico. El continuum criollo se divide en basilecto, mesolecto y acrolecto. Elaboration of gluten free cupcakes from xanthosoma flours, taro, rice, cassava and ecuaador mixtures. The effect of taro flour, xanthosomacassava and rice, their possible mixtures and two different percentages of egg protein in cupcakes with total substitution of wheat flour are vigrnte.
Flours of xanthosoma and taro were elaborated and have utilized flours of cassava and rice existing in market. The moisture was evaluated and found that taro flour presents a lower water content compared to rice ecuadod, xanthosoma and cassava in all flours.
The study data was carried out with two independents groups of people, a trained panel that has conducted the descriptive analysis and a consumer group that has made the study of acceptance.
An analysis of variance was applied to data, test Fisher LSD and external preference mapping, an analysis of ”cluster ” for proof of acceptance, with witch were identified the three consumer groups, composed by 19, 51, 35 people. All three groups have preferred the control samples with wheat in groups 2 and 3 cupcakes with rice-cassava with content standard and less content of egg, inquilibato cassava with less egg, have showed without significant differences in preference p [es.
Response of cultivars of malanga Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott to dry rot.
Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Schott is an important food crop for over million people in the tropics and subtropics. In order to determine the response of different varieties of malanga Xanthosoma to dry rot, a series of experiments were conducted in the period between and We determined the incidence and severity of damage, yields and percent of losses at harvest.
Clones of malanga Xanthosoma belonging to the group purple, showed lower incidence that of white and yellow groups. These results will allow selecting cultivars of malanga with greater resistance to the dry rot and with this to diminish the losses in the harvest. This research is aimed: This research results were analyzed and described by descriptive qualitative methods.
ocumo criollo xanthosoma: Topics by
Morphological data of the kimpul plant was explored descriptively and then made dendogram. Data of isozymic banding pattern were analyzed quantitatively based on the appearance of the band on the gel, and qualitatively based on the thickness of the band formed, and then made dendogram.
The correlation, between its genetic distance based on morphological characteristics and its genetic resemblance based on isozymes-banding pattern, were then analyzed grounded on coefficient correlation between product-moment and goodness of it criteria based on correlation.
The results pointed out that morphologically, on eight observed samples which were consist of four different types species, each Xanthosoma from different locations did not indicate obvious differences. Esterase was formed four different banding-patterns, Glutamate Oxaloacetate Transaminase indicated eight different banding-patterns, and Peroxidase indicated seven different banding-patterns.
Utilizing cocoyam Xanthosoma sagittifolium for food and nutrition security: Adaptable technologies in conformity to new trends in food science that could be employed for in-depth molecular studies and further exploitation of the crop are also discussed.
It is envisaged that the provided The critical role of indigenous crops in the socioeconomic growth of developing nations has necessitated calls for accelerated exploitation of staples. Cocoyam, Xanthosoma sagittifolium, is food for over million people worldwide and is the most consumed aroid in West Africa.
Normal bacterial flora from vaginas of Criollo Limonero cows. In order to describe the normal bacterial flora in vaginas of Criollo Limonero cows, 51 healthy multiparous cows, at least day postpartum, were selected. Out of swabs, bacterial growth was obtained in 55 Of the 55 bacterial growths, 23 Under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions, Gram positive bacteria were predominant Isolated bacteria were Arcanobacterium pyogenes In conclusion, normal vaginal bacterial flora of Criollo Limonero cows was predominantly Gram positive and included A.
In Criollo Limonero cattle, adaptive aspects such as development of humoral and physical mechanisms for defense, and bacterial adaptation to host deserve research attention. Los Criolloslas Cuidades y la Lengua: Mary Louise Pratt Weight gain and behavior of Raramuri Criollo versus Corriente steers developed on Chihuahuan Desert rangeland.
Ranchers that raise Criollo cattle must overcome the challenge of lack of markets for weaned calves. Raramuri Criollo RC steers are commonly raised for beef and finished on rangelands, while Corriente CR are often raised for rodeo sports. No data exist on weight gains and grazing behavior of ran Various cattle populations in the Americas known as criollo breeds have an origin in some of the first livestock introduced to the continent early in the colonial period 16th and 17th centuries.
These cattle constitute a potentially important genetic reserve as they are well adapted to local environments and show considerable variation in phenotype. To examine the genetic ancestry and diversity of Colombian criollo we obtained mitochondrial DNA control region sequence information for individuals from seven breeds.
Old World haplogroup T3 is the most commonly observed CR lineage in criollo 0. However, criollo also shows considerable frequencies of haplogroups T2 0. The distribution and diversity of Old World lineages suggest some North African ancestry for criolloprobably as a result of the Arab occupation of Iberia prior to the European migration to the New World. The mtDNA diversity of criollo is higher than that reported for European and African cattle and is consistent with a differentiated ancestry for some criollo breeds.
Two new imaging techniques rotated image with maximum averaged power spectrum RIMAPS and variogram are presented for the study and description of leaf surfaces. Xanthosoma violaceum was analyzed to illustrate the characteristics of both techniques. Both techniques produce a quantitative description of leaf surface topography. RIMAPS combines digitized images rotation with Fourier transform, and it is used to detect patterns orientation and characteristics of surface topography.
Variogram relates the mathematical variance of a surface with the area of the sample window observed. It gives the typical scale lengths of the surface patterns. RIMAPS detects the morphological variations of the surface topography pattern between fresh and dried herbarium samples of the leaf.
The variogram method finds the characteristic dimensions of the leaf microstructure, i. The results obtained show the robustness of RIMAPS and variogram analyses to detect, distinguish, and characterize leaf surfaces, as well as give scale lengths.
Both techniques are tools for the biologist to study variations of the leaf surface when different patterns are present. The use of RIMAPS and variogram opens a wide spectrum of possibilities by providing a systematic, quantitative description of the leaf surface topography. Characterization of cocoyam Xanthosoma spp. Full Text Available Abstract The present study assessed the physical, chemical, functional, and microbiological properties of cocoyam Xanthosoma spp.
The flour was initially submitted to a water-soaking process in order to reduce its high oxalate content. The soaked flour showed a high dietary fiber content The anti-nutritional component analysis showed low levels of oxalate 5. It was also microbiologically stable after storage for 9 months at room temperature. Development of a multipurpose flour from cocoyam corm could provide a value-added option for the local food industry.
Physicochemical, morphological, and rheological characterization of Xanthosoma robustum Lego-like starch. This work presents the physicochemical and pasting characterization of isolated mafafa starch and mafafa flour Xanthosoma robustum. The isolated mafafa starch is characterized by its low contents of protein, fat, and ash.
The starch content in isolated starch was found to be X-ray diffraction studies confirm that isolated starch is composed mainly by amylopectin. These results were confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry and thermo gravimetric analysis. This is the first report of the molecular parameters for mafafa starch: This study indicates that mafafa starch shows long chains of amylopectin this fact contributes to higher viscosity development and higher gel stability.
The obtained gel phase is transparent in the UV-vis region.